In this chapter we discuss one of the most ancient, glorious and characteristic islands of the Venetian lagoon, the Torcello Island.
The Torcello Island was one of the oldest and most flourishing settlements in the Venetian lagoon, located in a strategic position near other islands, which contributed to the rise of the small town. It is located a few minutes by boat from the famous island of Burano, from the island of Mazzorbo and also from Punta Sabbioni. The latter is an excellent starting point to visit and discover these suggestive islands and to spend a beautiful day immersed in the nature of the Venetian lagoon.
Walking along the main stream, between cultivated vegetable gardens and old buildings, we meet the mysterious Ponte del Diavolo, which according to local legend, was created in just one night by the devil, for this reason it has remained incomplete today. Founded between the fifth and sixth centuries, it is currently the sleeping beauty of the lagoon but, once, it developed to become a thriving colony with palaces and churches. With the rise of Venice, however, the island began its decline to become what it is today, or a quiet place in which a beautiful Byzantine basilica stands out.
The Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta was founded in 639 and, despite numerous renovations, still evokes the solemnity of the time. It was built with the name of Santa Maria Madre di Dio, for the bishop Paolo, who dived to escape together with the inhabitants, bringing with him the relics and treasures of the diocese of Altino, which was under siege by the invasions of the Lombards. Over the years, this small center became one of the most prosperous and fertile in the Republic of Venice, subsequently the church was modified and enlarged several times, until 1008, which was rebuilt and rededicated with the name of Santa Maria Assunta, for the will of the new bishop Orso I Orseolo, son of the doge Pietro II Orseolo.
After a few centuries, despite the decline and abandonment of the city, the church still maintained its cathedral status. Today the interior has an early Christian scheme, with the central part of the building that is formed by the basilica. Its pearls are, the thirteenth-century mosaic on the central apse, which depicts the Virgin immersed on a gold background, and in the semi-cylindrical apse below we find the Apostles on a flowery meadow, from the side of the main entrance, another emerges grandiose Byzantine style mosaic, which portrays the Last Judgment.
Nearby we find the church of Santa Maria Fosca is a classic example of the Venetian-Byzantine style of the island of Torcello, it stands on what was once the town square, next to the basilica. It is a 12th century building with a beautiful portico of marble columns and capitals. Inside, on the martyrion, we find the relics of the martyr Fosca, coming from Sabratha, a north-western city of Libya. Do not miss the Torcello Museum, which collects a huge number of ancient objects found on the islands of the lagoon and on the Venetian mainland.
◊ THE VENEZIA PROVINCE ◊
Holds an artistic and cultural heritage like few other areas in the world, its lagoon has been the cradle of local civilization and its coastline offers renowned seaside resorts. This province, rich in resources, hides elegant villas and pretty villages, even if the most precious and brilliant stone is represented by the island of Venice, an island which has a beautiful fish shape which protect the most beautiful, romantic and mysterious city in the world. It’s built on a series of marshy islets. Unfortunately it is subject to the tides of the Adriatic Sea and frequent floods but continues to survive in spite of all the predictions. Plan your holidays in the Venezia province, our tips and suggestive photographs will help you to take the right path for your trip.
◊ SPECIAL CATEGORIES ◊
The Veneto Region, nestled in the north-east of Italy, is a mix of history and traditions and, all of it, is enriched by the liveliness of its inhabitants and by a wide range of typical products all to be savored. From the highest peaks of the Dolomites, he embraces and welcomes each visitor with brotherly warmth, accommodating him among the many lounges of his cities of art, giving him unforgettable emotions. Turning between the pages of this site, you can organize your next holidays in the Veneto region and thanks to the many photos published, everything will be very simple.
In this chapter we discuss Sport, that is, from the easiest sports activities for families to the most complex and demanding ones.
In this chapter we discuss the incredible world of Venetian cuisine, from the typical local products to the recipes typical of our mothers.
In this chapter we discuss the Nature that surrounds us, a territory rich in biodiversity and particularly fragile, therefore absolutely to be respected.
In this chapter we discuss the history which, over time, has transformed, shaped and marked the territory of the Veneto region.