In this chapter we discuss one of the symbols of the city of Verona, a unique work of its kind, we are talking about the bridge and the fortress of Castelvecchio.

The incredible structure of Castelvecchio was originally called Castello di San Martino in Aquaro, and is the most important military monument of the Scaligeri family. Located along the river Adige, this extraordinary building was built by Cangrande II della Scala in 1300 BC, and was used for many centuries as a fortress and military barracks.

What is striking is its imposing appearance, its decidedly military forms, accentuated by the battlements that follow each other along the walls and from the seven towers. This marvelous fortress is formed by the Ponte di Castelvecchio, also called the Scaligero bridge, a typically medieval construction, considered one of the most audacious works of the Veronese Middle Ages. Today it is one of the totally pedestrian bridges that cross the Adige river. In the old manor house we find the Museum of Castelvecchio, one of the most important in the city, thanks to the paintings, sculptures and weapons present in the various rooms, dating back to the Longobard era up to 1700.

Nearby we find the Arco dei Gavi, built in the I century between the reign of Augustus and the reign of Tiberius by the architect Vitruvio Cerdone, and is a monumental Roman architecture with a height of 12 meters. It is characterized by a structure based on two main fronts, connected on the smaller sides by two minor arches. The white stone used to build it comes from Valpolicella and the blocks were transported to Verona through navigation on the Adige river.

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